The 2018 G7 summit will take place in Charlevoix from the 8th to the 9th of June 2018.
Every year, the G7 brings together the leaders of the seven invited countries (Canada, France, the United States, Italy, Germany, Japan and Great Britain) for direct and informal discussions. The European Union (European Commission and European Council) has been given observer status and takes a part in the meetings.
The G7 was born in 1975 when the six leaders of the most industrialized countries in the world – France, Germany, the United States, Great Britain, Japan and Italy – decided to have meetings in order to develop their economic relations. Canada joined the G6 one year later. Russia joined the G7 but will be excluded in 2014 after the Crimea annexing.
At first, this annual summit was thought to deal with economic issues but the international politic issues started to take up considerably more place than before in the debates, in particular as a consequence of the G20 creation, specialized in economic considerations. Thus the Canada’s G7 themes announced by Prime Minister Trudeau are varied:
Investing in growth that works for everyone
Preparing for jobs of the future
Advancing gender equality and women’s empowerment
Working together on climate change, oceans and clean energy
Building a more peaceful and secure world
The 7 leaders of the G7 will meet in Charlevoix in order to discuss these subjects.. This summit has been prepared with a lot of preparatory meetings about the themes that have been identified as significant by the Canadian presidency. Thus, several ministerial meetings took place in Canada about Innovation and jobs of the future (Montréal), foreign affairs and security (Toronto) and finance and development (Whistler). A last interministerial meeting about the environment will be organized during the fall.
The countries in charge of the G7 presidency try more and more to involve the civil society in the discussion. This way, every year, “engagement groups” gather independent participants from every country in order to send messages to the leaders: Women 7 gathers the NGO defending gender equality, Labour 7 with the trade associations, Business 7 for the companies, Science 7 research and innovation, Ideas 7 for the think tank… This year, the Canadian presidency created the gender equality advisory council in order to ensure that the gender equality issues are well taken into account by the states in all matters.
The 2018 Canadian presidency of the Conference on the G7 will be followed by a French presidency in 2019.
This succession, which implies a close coordination, will enable reinforcing French-Canadian scientific, educational and cultural cooperation. The official visit of the Prime Minister Trudeau to France from April 15th to 17th and the one of the French President Emmanuel Macron to Canada this June 6th and 7th highlight this strong will to act together.