Dutch painter and draftsman, Vincent Van Gogh was born on March 30, 1853 in the Netherlands and died on July 29, 1890 in France. His work is composed of more than 2,000 paintings and drawings dating mainly from the 1880s. It is inspired by impressionism and pointillism, heralding fauvism and expressionism.
It was only around the 1880s that he turned to painting and drawing both as a self-taught artist and by taking courses. Fascinated, he visited museums and art galleries, exchanged with his painter friends, studied Japanese prints and English engravings.
Little known during his lifetime, Van Gogh’s works attracted 120,000 people to an exhibition at the Museum of Modern Art in New York in the 1930s. Today he is considered one of the greatest artists of all time.